Limited role of recombination in the global diversification of begomovirus DNA-B proteins

Divya Dubey, J. Steen Hoyer, Siobain Duffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Approximately half of the characterized begomoviruses have bipartite genomes, but the second genomic segment, the DNA-B, is understudied relative to the DNA-A, which is homologous to the entire genome of monopartite begomoviruses. We examined the evolutionary history of the two proteins encoded by the DNA-B, the genes of which make up ∼60% of the DNA-B segment, from all bipartite begomovirus species. Our dataset of 131 movement protein (MP) and nuclear shuttle protein (NSP) sequences confirmed the deep split between Old World (OW) and New World (NW) species, and showed strong support for deep, congruent branches among the OW sequences of the MP and NSP. NW sequences were much less diverse and had poor phylogenetic resolution; over half of nodes in both the NSP and MP NW clades were supported by <50% bootstrap support. This poor resolution hampered our ability to detect incongruent phylogenies between the MP and NSP datasets, and we found no statistical evidence for recombination within our MP and NSP datasets. Finally, we quantified the sequence diversity between the NW and OW proteins, showing that the NW MP has particularly low diversity, suggesting it has been subject to different evolutionary pressures than the NW NSP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number198959
JournalVirus Research
StatePublished - Jan 2 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Cancer Research


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