Linking HIV/AIDS clients' self-care with outcomes

R. N. Fang-Yu Chou, William L. Holzemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The self-care practice of HIV/AIDS patients has become an important topic to help HIV/AIDS patients maintain their maximum level of well-being in chronic illness management. This article presents a self-care outcomes model that is applicable to HIV/AIDS nursing practice and research, and it identifies attributes and outcomes related to HIV/AIDS patients' self-care. The self-care outcomes model was developed based on the Outcomes Model for Health Care Research and literature review. Key variables related to HIV/AIDS self-care were summarized and discussed based on nine dimensions: client inputs, client processes, client outcomes, provider inputs, provider processes, provider outcomes, setting inputs, setting processes, and setting outcomes. This article reveals that self-care in HIV/AIDS is complex and may be influenced by many factors relating to individual, family, and health care system. More research with advanced multivariate statistical models and randomized controlled trial design will help determine the effectiveness of self-care strategies and interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


  • Outcomes Model
  • Self-care


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