The porous Hoffman-type 3D lattice Fe(pz)[NiII(CN)4] exhibits thermally induced spin-crossover (SCO) behavior that is dependent on the solvent guest species occupying the pores. Here, in situ Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and both non-resonant and resonant Kβ X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) methods are used to probe this framework under two solvent environments that yield different extremes of spin crossover temperature: acetonitrile and toluene. While the acetonitrile pore environment engenders an SCO response around room temperature, toluene guests stabilize the high spin state and effectively suppress SCO behavior throughout the ambient temperature range. The multipronged X-ray spectroscopy approach simultaneously confirmed this spin crossover behavior and provided new local coordination and electronic structural insights of the framework under these two solvent environments. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis revealed spin state and solvent guest-dependent differences in coordination bond lengths and structural disorder. Resonant XES measurements produced high-resolution XAS spectra with distinct pre-edge and edge features, whose assignment was established using both simple ligand field theory and time-dependent density-functional theory calculations and further supported by their observed resonance behavior in the 2D RXES plane. Edge feature variation with the Fe spin state was interpreted to reveal changes in specific metal-linker bond covalency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry