Locational and Contextual Attributes of Opioid Overdoses in New Jersey

Peter C. Treitler, Kristen Gilmore Powell, Cory M. Morton, N. Andrew Peterson, Donald Hallcom, Suzanne Borys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The opioid crisis has resulted in unprecedented rates of overdose, yet much remains unknown about the locational and contextual attributes of overdose events. This study aimed to identify settings of nonfatal opioid overdose and their individual and community level predictors. Data from 3,326 overdose events show that residences are the most common overdose setting. Compared to overdoses occurring in residences, outdoor overdoses were more likely in communities with higher area deprivation index and population density, and overdoses in nonresidential settings were more likely among unhoused individuals. Findings demonstrate the need for comprehensive, yet tailored and localized approaches to overdose prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-119
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Harm reduction
  • OEND
  • naloxone distribution
  • opioid overdose
  • opioid use disorder
  • overdose prevention

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