Little information on the effect of plasma on hepatocyte cytochrome P450 (CYP) activities is currently available. We characterized the effect of plasma on CYPs of hepatocyte-mesenchymal cell co-cultures, which exhibit stable liver specific functions and may be potentially useful for bioartificial liver design. Rat hepatocyte-mouse 3T3-J2 cell co-cultures were maintained for 6 days in medium, and then switched to heparinized human plasma containing 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC; 2μM), phenobarbital (PB; 1 mM), or no inducer for up to 7 days. CYP activities were measured in situ based on the o-dealkylation of ethoxy-(EROD), methoxy- (MROD), pentoxy- (PROD), or benzyloxy- (BROD) resorufin. Plasma alone increased PROD/BROD but not EROD/MROD. The endogenous inducer was in the high molecular weight fraction (>5 kD) of plasma and inhibited by >5 nM okadaic acid and >10 μM dibutyryl cyclic AMP, two inhibitors of PB-inducible CYPs. Furthermore, plasma increased CYP1A1 and CYP2B1/2 mRNA levels. In plasma, 3MC induced EROD/MROD to about 60% of the level induced in culture medium while PB induced PROD/BROD that were three- to 10-fold above levels induced in medium. CYP activities decreased between days 2 and 7 of plasma exposure, but were enhanced by plasma supplementation with amino acids, insulin, glucagon, and hydrocortisone.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology