The neuroprotective effects of lowering body temperature have been well documented in various models of neuronal injury. The present study investigated the effects a lower ambient or core body temperature would have on damage to striatal dopamine (DA) neurons produced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl- 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Mice received systemic MPTP treatment at two different temperatures, 4°C and 22°C. MPTP-treated mice maintained at 4°C demonstrated (1) a greater hypothermic response, (2) a significant reduction in striatal DA content and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity, and (3) significantly greater striatal 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP +) levels, as compared to mice dosed with MPTP at room temperature. Parallel studies with methamphetamine (METH) were conducted since temperature appears to play a pivotal role in the mediation of damage to DA neurons by this CNS stimulant in rodents. As previously reported, METH-induced hyperthermia and the subsequent loss of striatal DA content were attenuated in animals dosed at 4°C. We also evaluated the effects a hypothermic state induced by pharmacological agents would have on striatal neurochemistry and MPP + levels following MPTP treatment. Concurrent administration of MK-801 or 8-OHDPAT increased the striatal MPP + levels following MPTP treatment. However, only 8-OHDPAT potentiated the MPTP-induced decrements of striatal DA content and TH activity; MK-801 did not affect MPTP decreases in these striatal markers of dopaminergic damage. Altogether, these findings indicate that temperature has a profound effect on striatal MPP + levels and MPTP-induced damage to DA neurons in mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology
- Core temperature