It has previously been reported that Friend mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cells synthesize hemoglobin when exposed to 2% dimethylsulfoxide, and that hybrids between MEL cells and fibroblasts (or other nonerythroid cells) do not synthesize hemoglobin. We have been successful in obtaining hybrids (3/15) between MEL cells and mouse L-cell fibroblasts that maintain hemoglobin inducibility by preserving nonadherent cells after fusion. The proportion of hemoglobin inducible hybrids can be increased (8/11) by using a stable 2S (pseudotetraploid) MEL parent in addition to preserving nonadherent cells after fusion. All hybrids which were nonadherent were hemoglobin inducible, and all hybrids which were adherent were not. Five nonadherent hybrid clones were analyzed from fusions between a stable 2S MEL parent and a human fibroblast (WI-38, VA-2). All these clones were inducible for hemoglobin. It is concluded that gene dosage is effective in increasing the proportion of hemoglobin inducible hybrids, but hybrid morphology is the phenotype characteristic that correlates most closely with expression of hemoglobin inducibility.
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