Mandated State Medical Licensing Board Disclosures Regarding Resident Performance

Tiffany Murano, Michal Gajewski, Michael Anana, Machteld Hillen, Anastasia Kunac, Daniel Matassa, Lisa Pompeo, Neil Kothari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: State medical licensing boards ask program directors (PDs) to complete verification of training (VOT) forms for licensure. While residency programs use Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies, there is no uniform process or set of metrics that licensing boards use to ascertain if academic competency was achieved. Objective: We determined the performance metrics PDs are required to disclose on state licensing VOT forms. Methods: VOT forms for allopathic medical licensing boards for all 50 states, Washington, DC, and 5 US territories were obtained via online search and reviewed. Questions were categorized by disciplinary action (investigated, disciplined, placed on probation, expelled, terminated); documents placed on file; resident actions (leave of absence, request for transfer, unexcused absences); and non-disciplinary actions (remediation, partial or no credit, non-renewal, non-promotion, extra training required). Three individuals reviewed all forms independently, compared results, and jointly resolved discrepancies. A fourth independent reviewer confirmed all results. Results: Most states and territories (45 of 56) accept the Federation Credentials Verification Service (FCVS), but 33 states have their own VOT forms. Ten states require FCVS use. Most states ask questions regarding probation (43), disciplinary action (41), and investigation (37). Thirty-four states and territories ask about documents placed on file, 36 ask about resident actions, and 7 ask about non-disciplinary actions. Eight states' VOT forms ask no questions regarding resident performance. Conclusions: Among the states and territories, there is great variability in VOT forms required for allopathic physicians. These forms focus on disciplinary actions and do not ask questions PDs use to assess resident performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of graduate medical education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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