Maturation of auditory evoked potentials from 6 to 48 months: Prediction to 3 and 4 year language and cognitive abilities

Naseem Choudhury, April A. Benasich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the maturation of long-latency auditory evoked potentials (LLAEP) from 6 to 48. months in infants with a family history of language impairment (FH+) and control infants (FH-). Methods: LLAEPs of seventeen FH+ infants were compared to 28 FH- infants at 6, 9, 12, 16, 24, 36 and 48. months. Participants received a passive oddball paradigm using fast- and slow-rate non-linguistic auditory stimuli and at 36 and 48. months completed a battery of standardized language and cognitive tests. Results: Overall, the morphology of LLAEP responses differed for fast- versus slow-rate stimuli. Significant age-related changes in latency and amplitude were observed. Group differences, favoring FH- infants, in the rate of maturation of LLAEPs were found. Responses to fast-rate stimuli predicted language abilities at 36 and 48. months of age. Conclusions: The development of LLAEP in FH+ children is modulated by differences in the rate of maturation as well as variations in temporal processing abilities. Significance: These findings provide evidence for the role of non-linguistic auditory processes in early language development and illustrate the utility of using a perceptual-processing skills model to further our understanding of the precursors of language development and impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-338
Number of pages19
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

Keywords

  • Language impairment
  • Maturation of infant LLAEP

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