High-speed, time-resolved particle image velocimetry with a pulse-burst laser was used to measure the gas-phase velocity upstream and downstream of a shock wave-particle curtain interaction at three shock Mach numbers (1.19, 1.40, and 1.45), at a sampling rate of 37.5 kHz. The particle curtain, formed from free-falling soda-lime particles with diameters ranging from 300 - 355 μm, had a streamwise thickness of 3.5 mm and volume fraction of 9% at mid-height. Following impingement by a shock wave, a pressure difference was created between the upstream/downstream sides of the curtain, which accelerated flow through the curtain. Jetting of flow through the curtain was observed downstream once deformation of the curtain began, demonstrating a long-term unsteady effect. Using a control volume approach, the unsteady drag on the curtain was determined from velocity and pressure data. Initially, the pressure difference between the upstream and downstream sides of the curtain was the largest contributor to the total drag. The data suggests, however, that as time increases, the change in momentum flux could become the dominant component as the pressure difference decreases.