This paper discusses how the hydrophobicity of lubricated pharmaceutical formulations is affected by process variables such as shear rate and strain. Hydrophobicity is a critical property that affects the dissolution of powder formulations, tablets and capsules as well as the performance of tablet coating and granulation operations. In this paper, hydrophobicity is measured using a modified Washburn method. Results show that, in the absence of lubricant, the hydrophobicity of powders does not change substantially as a function of shear rate or strain. However, when magnesium stearate is present (concentrations studied here range between 0.5% and 2%), hydrophobicity increases as a function of strain, shear rate and lubricant concentration. Observed changes range over several orders of magnitude, readily explaining common "overlubrication" observations of delayed drug dissolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Magnesium stearate