Mechanical properties of soluble polymer/silica gel hybrids

Lisa Klein, J. Van Wert, C. L. Beaudry

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Strengths have been measured for silica gels prepared with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc). The modulus of rupture was determined using standard three-point bending in a mechanical tester. The samples were prepared by mixing tetraethylorthosilicate with the polymers dissolved in water (PEO) or water/ethanol(PVAc). Molecular weights between 200 and 3400 were used for PEO. Substitutions of the polymer for silica represented between 5 and 25% on a weight basis. In these systems, the interactions between the polymer and the silica network are largely through hydrogen bonding, between ether oxygens in PEO and silanols and between hydroxyls in PVAc and silanols. The extent of the bonding increases with increasing aging time, as indicated by an almost linear increase in the modulus of rupture. The increase for PEO was greater than for PVAc. Among PEO samples, the strengths were higher for higher molecular weights at the same weight fraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume576
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999
EventProceedings of the 1999 MRS Spring Meeting - Symposium DD, 'Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials' - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Apr 5 1999Apr 9 1999

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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