The influence of adding 0-5 mol% zirconia (ZrO2) to a series of melt-quenched alkaline-earth aluminosilicate glasses designed in the gehlenite (Ca2Al2SiO7)-akermanite (Ca 2MgSi2O7) system has been investigated for their potential application as sealants for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The work was implemented with a dual aim of improving the sintering ability of the glass system under consideration and gaining insight into the structural changes induced by ZrO2 additions in the glasses consequentially leading to their enhanced long-term thermal stability. That the degree of condensation of SiO4 tetrahedra increased with increasing amounts of zirconia was confirmed by 29Si magic-angle (MAS) NMR. 1D 27Al, 11B MAS as well as two-dimensional (2D) 11B MQMAS/STMAS NMR experiments gave structural insight into the number and nature of aluminum and boron sites found in the glass and glass-ceramic (GC) samples. Irrespective of the heat treatment time, increasing the zirconia content in glasses suppressed their tendency towards devitrification, while the glasses exhibited good sintering behavior resulting in mechanically strong GCs with higher amounts of residual glassy phase making them suitable for self-healing during SOFC operation. All the GCs exhibited low total electrical conductivity; appropriate coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE), good joining and minimal reactivity with SOFC metallic components at the fuel cell operating temperature, thus, qualifying them for further appraisal in SOFC stacks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)