Cylcodextrin sugars are cyclic sugars that have a hydrophilic exterior and a hydrophobic center. This enables cyclodextrins to solubilize hydrophobic molecules in aqueous media. Cyclodextrins may inhibit aggregation by intercalating surface aromatic residues and competing with interprotein aromatic clusters (π-π interactions). In order to investigate this concept, the interaction of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPBCD) with melittin is studied with steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence, fluorescence polarization, circular dichroism, and IR spectroscopy. HPBCD inhibits the aggregation of melittin. This inhibition and the spectroscopic results are consistent with the lone aromatic tryptophan of the peptide being intercalated within HPBCD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Peptide aggregation