Metacognition and evidence analysis instruction: An educational framework and practical experience

J. Scott Parrott, Matthew L. Rubinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The role of metacognitive skills in the evidence analysis process has received little attention in the research literature. While the steps of the evidence analysis process are well defined, the role of higher-level cognitive operations (metacognitive strategies) in integrating the steps of the process is not well understood. In part, this is because it is not clear where and how metacognition is implicated in the evidence analysis process nor how these skills might be taught. The purposes of this paper are to (a) suggest a model for identifying critical thinking and metacognitive skills in evidence analysis instruction grounded in current educational theory and research and (b) demonstrate how freely available systematic review/meta-analysis tools can be used to focus on higher-order metacognitive skills, while providing a framework for addressing common student weaknesses. The final goal of this paper is to provide an instructional framework that can generate critique and elaboration while providing the conceptual basis and rationale for future research agendas on this topic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112
JournalSystematic Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


  • Critical thinking
  • Evidence analysis
  • Instruction
  • Metacognition


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