Methamphetamine-induced striatal dopamine release, behavior changes and neurotoxicity in BALB/c mice

Taizo Kita, Yasumori Matsunari, Tutomu Saraya, Keiji Shimada, Kiichi O'Hara, Kaoru Kubo, George C. Wagner, Toshikatsu Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


The behaviors associated with the neurotoxic effects of methamphetamine were evaluated in BALB/c mice. Hyperthermia and behavioral observations were measured 60 min after each subcutaneous injection of methamphetamine (4x4 or 8 mg/kg) or saline, each given 2 h apart. The behavioral observations included stereotyped behaviors, incidence of hemorrhage in breast, salivation and self-injurious behavior (SIB). Repeated administration of methamphetamine produced these behavioral changes and hyperthermia, but resulted in hypothermia by the final injection (8 mg/kg). In addition, the methamphetamine treatment induced a long-lasting dopamine depletion of similar magnitude in the 4 and 8 mg/kg-treated animals. In a time course study striatal monoamine levels were measured 60 min after each injection of these doses. The first and second injections of methamphetamine (8 mg/kg) produced a drastic increase in striatal 3-methoxytyramine; this failed to occur after the third or fourth injection of the same dose. In contrast, 4 mg/kg of methamphetamine also produced an increase in 3-methoxytyramine after the second and third injections of the drug and, in this case, these were maintained for the duration of the treatment. Striatal 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid levels also drastically decreased following both doses of methamphetamine, suggesting inhibition of monoamine oxidase in striatum. Moreover, a single injection of methamphetamine increased striatal 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid formation.These results suggest that the incidence of hyperthermia, SIB and striatal dopamine neurotoxicity are closely linked to striatal dopamine release and inhibition of monoamine oxidase produced by methamphetamine in BALB/c mice. Copyright (C) 2000 ISDN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Methamphetamine-induced striatal dopamine release, behavior changes and neurotoxicity in BALB/c mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this