A review of methods for the isolation and detection of Listeria monocytogenes used in the United States is presented. Methods reviewed include the cold enrichment technique, the FDA Method, the USDA Method, and two rapid techniques, the Listeria‐Tek enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay and the Gene‐Trak Listeria Assay. Comparisons of new rapid biochemical test kits, the MICRO‐ID LISTERIA System, API Listeria, and the Rosco system vs. conventional tests of identification are also reviewed. Contemporary isolation methods detect all Listeria species so confirmation of L. monocytogenes is still necessary after isolation. The USDA method is the most practical of the cultural methods due to the rapid reporting of negative samples. Rapid methods (Listeria‐Tek and the Gene‐Trak Listeria Assay) are faster and more objective than cultural procedures but still depend on sample enrichment for detection of Listeria. These rapid techniques are best utilized when screening large numbers of food samples. All the rapid biochemical test kits reviewed provide fast reliable identification of Listeria species when compared to classical techniques. However, the API Listeria system identifies the test strains without a complementary CAMP test. Refinements are still needed in both cultural and rapid methods. Future Listeria methodology must emphasize molecular techniques not requiring enrichment which would be both rapid and specific for L. monocytogenes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||30|
|Journal||Journal of Food Safety|
|State||Published - Dec 1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science