The present paper offers a sympathetic yet critical examination of Michel Foucault's discussion (in the final chapters of his book, The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences) of the contradictions inherent in the self-consciousness of the modern or post-Kantian mind. Foucault's account of the "empirico-transcendental doublet" of modern thought is shown to provide a useful mapping of humanist, anti-humanist, and postmodern responses to the reflexivity of the modern "episteme". Foucault is criticized for his insufficiently critical treatment of structuralism (an anti-humanist approach). Foucault is also defended against the charge that he undermines his own position through a form of performative self-contradiction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2008|
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