Microbial biomass in sediments affects greenhouse gas effluxes in Poyang Lake in China

Lixiang Liu, Ming Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lake sediments accumulate large amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through microbial decomposition of organic matter. To investigate the relationship between microbial biomass and GHG effluxes, we conducted a large-scale survey in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China. We measured GHG effluxes using the floating chamber method at 42 sampling sites for three days and also measured microbial biomass using the phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method. We found that the methane emission rate was positively and linearly related to total microbial biomass, anaerobic biomass, and anaerobic biomass excluding anaerobic methanotrophs. In addition, nitrous oxide efflux normalized to the amount of organic carbon in the sampling sediment (N2O/SOC) was significantly correlated with fungal biomass and the ratio of fungal biomass to total microbial biomass. But there were no significant relationships between the CO2 and CH4 normalized efflux in the sampling sediment and the biomasses of microbial groups. These results suggest that we could manage GHG emissions by considering the factors regulating microbial biomass in the lake sediments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Freshwater Ecology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2016

Fingerprint

gas production (biological)
greenhouse gases
microbial biomass
greenhouse gas
lakes
sediments
China
biomass
lake
sediment
nitrous oxide
methane
methanotrophs
lacustrine deposit
greenhouse gas emissions
sampling
carbon dioxide
organic matter
phospholipid
degradation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

Keywords

  • carbon dioxide
  • lake sediments
  • methane
  • microbial biomass
  • nitrous oxide

Cite this

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title = "Microbial biomass in sediments affects greenhouse gas effluxes in Poyang Lake in China",
abstract = "Lake sediments accumulate large amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through microbial decomposition of organic matter. To investigate the relationship between microbial biomass and GHG effluxes, we conducted a large-scale survey in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China. We measured GHG effluxes using the floating chamber method at 42 sampling sites for three days and also measured microbial biomass using the phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method. We found that the methane emission rate was positively and linearly related to total microbial biomass, anaerobic biomass, and anaerobic biomass excluding anaerobic methanotrophs. In addition, nitrous oxide efflux normalized to the amount of organic carbon in the sampling sediment (N2O/SOC) was significantly correlated with fungal biomass and the ratio of fungal biomass to total microbial biomass. But there were no significant relationships between the CO2 and CH4 normalized efflux in the sampling sediment and the biomasses of microbial groups. These results suggest that we could manage GHG emissions by considering the factors regulating microbial biomass in the lake sediments.",
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Microbial biomass in sediments affects greenhouse gas effluxes in Poyang Lake in China. / Liu, Lixiang; Xu, Ming.

In: Journal of Freshwater Ecology, Vol. 31, No. 1, 02.01.2016, p. 109-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microbial biomass in sediments affects greenhouse gas effluxes in Poyang Lake in China

AU - Liu, Lixiang

AU - Xu, Ming

PY - 2016/1/2

Y1 - 2016/1/2

N2 - Lake sediments accumulate large amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through microbial decomposition of organic matter. To investigate the relationship between microbial biomass and GHG effluxes, we conducted a large-scale survey in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China. We measured GHG effluxes using the floating chamber method at 42 sampling sites for three days and also measured microbial biomass using the phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method. We found that the methane emission rate was positively and linearly related to total microbial biomass, anaerobic biomass, and anaerobic biomass excluding anaerobic methanotrophs. In addition, nitrous oxide efflux normalized to the amount of organic carbon in the sampling sediment (N2O/SOC) was significantly correlated with fungal biomass and the ratio of fungal biomass to total microbial biomass. But there were no significant relationships between the CO2 and CH4 normalized efflux in the sampling sediment and the biomasses of microbial groups. These results suggest that we could manage GHG emissions by considering the factors regulating microbial biomass in the lake sediments.

AB - Lake sediments accumulate large amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through microbial decomposition of organic matter. To investigate the relationship between microbial biomass and GHG effluxes, we conducted a large-scale survey in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China. We measured GHG effluxes using the floating chamber method at 42 sampling sites for three days and also measured microbial biomass using the phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method. We found that the methane emission rate was positively and linearly related to total microbial biomass, anaerobic biomass, and anaerobic biomass excluding anaerobic methanotrophs. In addition, nitrous oxide efflux normalized to the amount of organic carbon in the sampling sediment (N2O/SOC) was significantly correlated with fungal biomass and the ratio of fungal biomass to total microbial biomass. But there were no significant relationships between the CO2 and CH4 normalized efflux in the sampling sediment and the biomasses of microbial groups. These results suggest that we could manage GHG emissions by considering the factors regulating microbial biomass in the lake sediments.

KW - carbon dioxide

KW - lake sediments

KW - methane

KW - microbial biomass

KW - nitrous oxide

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