Microstructure-modified products from stone-milled wheat bran powder improve glycemic response and sustain colonic fermentation

Shuang Liu, Liping Zhao, Linghua Wang, Hang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Accumulating evidence indicates carbohydrates that escape digestion from upper gastrointestinal tract can reduce glycemic response, enter the colon where they are fermented by the gut microbiota and thus exert multiple healthy benefits to host. A vertical stone milling process was used to prepare a natural wheat bran powder (SWB) containing pericarp, spermoderm, nucellar layer, aleurone layer, germ, and 15% starchy endosperm of wheat kernel, with the result that protein, amylose, and dietary fiber significantly raised comparing to wheat flour (WF). Two types of products, a powdered drink (SWB-D) and a puffed particle (SWB-P), were extruded from SWB, which underwent a gradient of gelatinization and recrystallization with progressively increased resistant starch (RS) content. Starch-protein complexes were detected in SWB-D and SWB-P, concurrently accounting for lower in vitro digestibility and human glycemic response than those of WF noodles. Intake of SWB-D and SWB-P by healthy volunteers elevated level and extended duration of breath hydrogen indicative of higher gut microbiota fermentation. Therefore, RS and starch-protein complexes formed during extrusion reduce digestibility of SWB and sustain colonic fermentation with health-promoting potential targeting the gut microbiota.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1193-1201
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume153
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • General Energy

Keywords

  • Breath H
  • Dietary fiber
  • Glycemic response

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