Minimal inhibitory and mutant prevention concentrations of azithromycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin for clinical isolates of streptococcus pneumoniae

Kelli Metzler, Karl Drlica, Joseph M. Blondeau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous work showed a higher prevalence of macrolide/azalide resistance in provinces of Canada where azithromycin was the major treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae as compared with regions where clarithromycin was the dominant treatment. These data provided a way to test the mutant selection window hypothesis, which predicts that the serum drug concentration (AUC24) relative to the mutant prevention concentration (MPC) would be higher for clarithromycin than for azithromycin. Methods: The MIC and MPC were determined for 191 penicillin/macrolide-susceptible clinical isolates of S. pneumoniae with azithromycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin using agar plate assays. Results: The MIC50/90 (mg/L) and MPC50/90 (mg/L), respectively, were as follows: azithromycin 0.13/0.25 and 1/4; clarithromycin 0.031/0.063 and 0.13/0.5; erythromycin 0.063/0.13 and 0.25/2. We calculated from published pharmacokinetic values that the AUC24/MPC90 for azithromycin was 0.85; for clarithromycin it was 96, and for erythromycin base and estolate it was 4 and 10, respectively. Thus the AUC. 24/MPC. 90 was about 50 times higher for clarithromycin than for azithromycin. Conclusions: The elevated prevalence of azithromycin resistance may derive in part from a low value of AUC24/MPC90 and/or time above MPC, since previous work indicates that the number of prescriptions per person was similar in the geographical regions examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-635
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Keywords

  • Azalide
  • MPC
  • Macrolide
  • Pneumococcus

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