Mitotic-specific methylation of histone H4 Lys 20 follows increased PR-Set7 expression and its localization to mitotic chromosomes

Judd C. Rice, Kenichi Nishioka, Kavitha Sarma, Ruth Steward, Danny Reinberg, C. David Allis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

199 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe distinct patterns of histone methylation during human cell cycle progression. Histone H4 methyltransferase activity was found to be cell cycle-regulated, consistent with increased H4 Lys 20 methylation at mitosis. This increase closely followed the cell cycle-regulated expression of the H4 Lys 20 methyltransferase, PR-Set7. Localization of PR-Set7 to mitotic chromosomes and subsequent increase in H4 Lys 20 methylation were inversely correlated to transient H4 Lys 16 acetylation in early S-phase. These data suggest that H4 Lys 20 methylation by PR-Set7 during mitosis acts to antagonize H4 Lys 16 acetylation and to establish a mechanism by which this mark is epigenetically transmitted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2225-2230
Number of pages6
JournalGenes and Development
Volume16
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

Keywords

  • Histone
  • Methylation
  • Mitosis
  • PR-Set7

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