MNC strategy, knowledge transfer context, and knowledge flow in MNEs

Ajai S. Gaur, Hongjia Ma, Baoshan Ge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Purpose: Cross-border flow of knowledge is fraught with many challenges. The complexity associated with the organization of multinational corporations (MNCs), and the information asymmetry in foreign locations poses particular challenges to knowledge flow. Yet, effective transfer of knowledge is critical for the survival and performance of MNCs. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive framework to understand the difficulties in the smooth flow of knowledge in MNCs. Design/methodology/approach: The study is conceptual in nature and is based on an extensive review of the extant literature. Findings: This review of the literature suggests that knowledge flow in MNCs is affected by country-level, firm-level and individual-level factors. The authors discuss these in the backdrop of the MNC strategy and the knowledge transfer context. The authors present their theoretical model and discuss the implications for advancing research in this domain. Originality/value: This is one of the first papers to present a comprehensive framework to understand knowledge flows in MNCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1885-1900
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Knowledge Management
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 28 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


  • Foreign subsidiaries
  • Institutional distance
  • Knowledge transfer
  • MNCs
  • National differences


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