Model validation for bridge-road-vehicle dynamic interaction system

Hani H. Nassif, Ming Liu, Oguz Ertekin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The dynamic response of highway bridges subjected to moving truckloads has been observed to be dependent on (1) dynamic characteristics of the bridge; (2) truck configuration, speed, and lane position on the bridge; and (3) road surface roughness profile of the bridge and its approach. Historically, truckloads were measured to determine the load spectra for girder bridges. However, truckload measurements are either made for a short period of time [for example, weigh-in-motion (WIM) data] or are statistically biased (for example, weigh stations) and cost prohibitive. The objective of this paper is to present results of a 3D computer-based model for the simulation of multiple trucks on girder bridges. The model is based on the grillage approach and is applied to four steel girder bridges tested under normal truck traffic. Actual truckload data collected using a discrete bridge WIM system are used in the model. The data include axle loads, truck gross weight, axle configuration, and statistical data on multiple presence (side by side or following). The results are presented as a function of the static and dynamic stresses in each girder and compared with code provisions for dynamic load factor. The study provides an alternate method for the development of live-load models for bridge design and evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bridge Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


  • Bridges, Highway
  • Dynamic loads
  • Finite elements
  • Girders
  • Stress
  • Vehicles


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