We study the space charge limited field emission from an emitter whose surface has a simple periodic structure with bumps. The shape of each bump is represented by a smooth function and the emission is governed by the Fowler-Nordheim-Schottky law. A mathematical scheme for modeling the potential and current structure by a set of elementary functions is developed and implemented numerically with the help of a special least square procedure. Our results show that such emitters are more efficient than emitters with long ridges only in weak electric fields. In stronger fields the latter give larger currents and they should be more durable. The emission by an individual bump in our periodic structure is compared also with that of a single emitter bump of the same shape, they appear to be quite close.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy