Modulation of cisplatinum cytotoxicity by p53: Effect of p53-mediated apoptosis and DNA repair

Jianguo Fan, Joseph R. Bertino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stable transfectant (S2SN7) of p53-null SaOS-2 (human osteosarcoma) cells expressing wild-type p53 under the tight control of a tetracycline- responsive promoter was used to study the functional roles of p53 in cellular response to cisplatinum (CP). When cells were grown in media containing normal concentrations (10%) of serum, induction of p53 by tetracycline withdrawal resulted in an 8-fold decrease in sensitivity to CP. In contrast, when cells were grown in lower serum (1%) media. induction of p53 led to a 10-fold increase in sensitivity to CP. The p53-mediated sensitivity to CP under lower serum conditions was attributed, at least in part, to increased susceptibility of p53-mediated apoptosis. Under lower serum (0.1-1%) but not normal serum conditions, p53 induction correlated with selective down- regulation of bcl-2, an inhibitor of apoptosis. In addition, a host-cell reactivation assay showed that induction of p53 caused a significant increase in repair of CP-induced DNA damage under normal serum but not low serum conditions. These data suggest that growth conditions may modulate and possibly reverse p53-mediated CP sensitivity by altering p53-mediated gene regulation and, as a result, susceptibility to apoptosis. They also suggest that a combined effect of p53-mediated apoptosis and DNA repair may be the ultimate determinant in p53-mediated cellular resistance or sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)966-972
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular pharmacology
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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