Molecular analysis of resistance and detection of non-wild-type strains using etest epidemiological cutoff values for amphotericin B and echinocandins for bloodstream candida infections from a tertiary hospital in Qatar

Saad J. Taj-Aldeen, Husam Salah, Winder B. Perez, Muna Almaslamani, Mary Motyl, Atqah AbdulWahab, Kelley R. Healey, David S. Perlin

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A total of 301 Candida bloodstream isolates collected from 289 patients over 5 years at a tertiary hospital in Qatar were evaluated. Out of all Candida infections, 53% were diagnosed in patients admitted to the intensive care units. Steady increases in non-albicans Candida species were reported from 2009 to 2014 (30.2% for Candida albicans versus 69.8% for the other Candida species). Etest antifungal susceptibility testing was performed on all recovered clinical isolates to determine echinocandin (micafungin and anidulafungin) and amphotericin B susceptibilities and assess non-wild-type (non-WT) strains (strains for which MICs were above the epidemiological cutoff values). DNA sequence analysis was performed on all isolates to assess the presence of FKS mutations, which confer echinocandin resistance in Candida species. A total of 3.9% of isolates (12/301) among strains of C. albicans and C. orthopsilosis contained FKS hot spot mutations, including heterozygous mutations in FKS1. For C. tropicalis, the Etest appeared to overestimate strains non-WT for micafungin, anidulafungin, and amphotericin B, as 14%, 11%, and 35% of strains, respectively, had values above the epidemiological cutoff value. However, no FKS mutations were identified in this species. For all other species, micafungin best reported the echinocandin non-WT strains relative to the FKS genotype, as anidulafungin tended to overestimate non-wild-type strains. Besides C. tropicalis, few strains were classified as non-WT for amphotericin B.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00214-18
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume62
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Keywords

  • Candidemia
  • ECV
  • Epidemiology
  • Etest
  • FKS1
  • FKS2

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