GTP binding proteins play an important role in mediating signals transduced across the cell membrane by membrane-bound receptors. We previously described a partial sequence, termed Galphai2vest, obtained from rat vestibular tissue that was nearly identical to rat Galphai2. Using an experimental strategy to further characterize Galphai2vest (GenBank accession number AF189020) and identify other possible Galphai2-related transcripts expressed in the rat vestibular periphery, we employed a RecA-based gene enrichment protocol in place of conventional library screening techniques. We identified two novel Galphai2 splice variants, Galphai2(a) (GenBank accession number AY899210) and Galphai2(b) (GenBank accession number AY899211), that have most of exons 8 and 9 deleted, and exons 5 through 9 deleted, respectively. In situ hybridization studies were completed to determine the differential expression of Galphai2 between the vestibular primary afferent neurons and the vestibular end organs. Computer modeling and predicted 3D conformation of the wild type Galphai2 and the two splice variants were completed to evaluate the changes associated with the Gbetagamma and GTP binding sites. These two novel alternatively spliced isoforms of Galphai2 putatively encode truncated proteins that could serve unique roles in the physiology of the vestibular neuroepithelium. Galphai2vest was found to be a processed pseudogene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Alternative splicing
- Computer modeling
- Efferent vestibular system
- G protein