Monitoring destructive scarab beetles1 in Texas Turfgrasses

William Casey Reynolds, Diane Silcox Reynolds, Robert T. Puckett, Taylor Wade, Matthew Elmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Turfgrasses grown for sod production, golf courses, recreational areas, and home lawns are frequently damaged by destructive insect pests that substantially reduce turfgrass quality. White grubs, the larval stage of scarab beetles, cause damage as they feed on grass roots. This is particularly problematic in areas of the southern and southwestern United States where turfgrass may already be impacted by drought stress. That white grubs are subterranean makes monitoring abundance time-consuming and damaging to the turfgrass; monitoring beetle flights can be an effective alternative. Black-light traps were used to monitor scarab beetles at seven turfgrass locations in Texas during 2015. In total, 23,345 scarab beetles were collected in weekly samples that were sorted to genus. Phyllophoga spp. was most abundant, followed by Serica spp., Hybosorus spp., Cyclocephala spp., Tomarus spp., and Ataenius spp. Beetle diversity and abundance varied by date and location, with many species having multiple peaks in flight intensity. Monitoring scarab beetle flights could reduce insecticide application by allowing turfgrass managers to time preventive applications targeting eggs and immature white grubs as opposed to repeatedly applying curative insecticides based on multiple peaks in abundance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-932
Number of pages12
JournalSouthwestern Entomologist
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

turf grasses
beetle
Scarabaeidae
monitoring
insect larvae
flight
insecticide
Ataenius
sod production
Cyclocephala
blacklight traps
Coleoptera
golf course
golf courses
Southwestern United States
drought stress
Southeastern United States
insect pests
pesticide application
targeting

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

Cite this

Reynolds, William Casey ; Reynolds, Diane Silcox ; Puckett, Robert T. ; Wade, Taylor ; Elmore, Matthew. / Monitoring destructive scarab beetles1 in Texas Turfgrasses. In: Southwestern Entomologist. 2016 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 921-932.
@article{5692f9b6806641bca1c0b18cc8a42537,
title = "Monitoring destructive scarab beetles1 in Texas Turfgrasses",
abstract = "Turfgrasses grown for sod production, golf courses, recreational areas, and home lawns are frequently damaged by destructive insect pests that substantially reduce turfgrass quality. White grubs, the larval stage of scarab beetles, cause damage as they feed on grass roots. This is particularly problematic in areas of the southern and southwestern United States where turfgrass may already be impacted by drought stress. That white grubs are subterranean makes monitoring abundance time-consuming and damaging to the turfgrass; monitoring beetle flights can be an effective alternative. Black-light traps were used to monitor scarab beetles at seven turfgrass locations in Texas during 2015. In total, 23,345 scarab beetles were collected in weekly samples that were sorted to genus. Phyllophoga spp. was most abundant, followed by Serica spp., Hybosorus spp., Cyclocephala spp., Tomarus spp., and Ataenius spp. Beetle diversity and abundance varied by date and location, with many species having multiple peaks in flight intensity. Monitoring scarab beetle flights could reduce insecticide application by allowing turfgrass managers to time preventive applications targeting eggs and immature white grubs as opposed to repeatedly applying curative insecticides based on multiple peaks in abundance.",
author = "Reynolds, {William Casey} and Reynolds, {Diane Silcox} and Puckett, {Robert T.} and Taylor Wade and Matthew Elmore",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3958/059.041.0423",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "921--932",
journal = "Southwestern Entomologist",
issn = "0147-1724",
publisher = "Southwestern Entomological Society",
number = "4",

}

Reynolds, WC, Reynolds, DS, Puckett, RT, Wade, T & Elmore, M 2016, 'Monitoring destructive scarab beetles1 in Texas Turfgrasses', Southwestern Entomologist, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 921-932. https://doi.org/10.3958/059.041.0423

Monitoring destructive scarab beetles1 in Texas Turfgrasses. / Reynolds, William Casey; Reynolds, Diane Silcox; Puckett, Robert T.; Wade, Taylor; Elmore, Matthew.

In: Southwestern Entomologist, Vol. 41, No. 4, 01.12.2016, p. 921-932.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Monitoring destructive scarab beetles1 in Texas Turfgrasses

AU - Reynolds, William Casey

AU - Reynolds, Diane Silcox

AU - Puckett, Robert T.

AU - Wade, Taylor

AU - Elmore, Matthew

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Turfgrasses grown for sod production, golf courses, recreational areas, and home lawns are frequently damaged by destructive insect pests that substantially reduce turfgrass quality. White grubs, the larval stage of scarab beetles, cause damage as they feed on grass roots. This is particularly problematic in areas of the southern and southwestern United States where turfgrass may already be impacted by drought stress. That white grubs are subterranean makes monitoring abundance time-consuming and damaging to the turfgrass; monitoring beetle flights can be an effective alternative. Black-light traps were used to monitor scarab beetles at seven turfgrass locations in Texas during 2015. In total, 23,345 scarab beetles were collected in weekly samples that were sorted to genus. Phyllophoga spp. was most abundant, followed by Serica spp., Hybosorus spp., Cyclocephala spp., Tomarus spp., and Ataenius spp. Beetle diversity and abundance varied by date and location, with many species having multiple peaks in flight intensity. Monitoring scarab beetle flights could reduce insecticide application by allowing turfgrass managers to time preventive applications targeting eggs and immature white grubs as opposed to repeatedly applying curative insecticides based on multiple peaks in abundance.

AB - Turfgrasses grown for sod production, golf courses, recreational areas, and home lawns are frequently damaged by destructive insect pests that substantially reduce turfgrass quality. White grubs, the larval stage of scarab beetles, cause damage as they feed on grass roots. This is particularly problematic in areas of the southern and southwestern United States where turfgrass may already be impacted by drought stress. That white grubs are subterranean makes monitoring abundance time-consuming and damaging to the turfgrass; monitoring beetle flights can be an effective alternative. Black-light traps were used to monitor scarab beetles at seven turfgrass locations in Texas during 2015. In total, 23,345 scarab beetles were collected in weekly samples that were sorted to genus. Phyllophoga spp. was most abundant, followed by Serica spp., Hybosorus spp., Cyclocephala spp., Tomarus spp., and Ataenius spp. Beetle diversity and abundance varied by date and location, with many species having multiple peaks in flight intensity. Monitoring scarab beetle flights could reduce insecticide application by allowing turfgrass managers to time preventive applications targeting eggs and immature white grubs as opposed to repeatedly applying curative insecticides based on multiple peaks in abundance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84997050464&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84997050464&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3958/059.041.0423

DO - 10.3958/059.041.0423

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 921

EP - 932

JO - Southwestern Entomologist

JF - Southwestern Entomologist

SN - 0147-1724

IS - 4

ER -