The conditions for microwave power generation under the quasi-periodic motion of carriers caused by the combined action of carrier acceleration in a constant electric field and optical phonon emission at low temperatures are analysed by means of Monte Carlo simulations of both small- and large-signal responses in bulk nitrides such as GaN and InN. It is shown that, as a consequence of the high value of the optical phonon energy and the strong electron-phonon interaction, a dynamic negative differential mobility caused by transit-time resonance occurs over a wide frequency range which covers practically the whole submillimetre range and persists in the THz frequency range up to liquid nitrogen temperature. The efficiency of the amplification and generation is found to depend nonmonotonically on: (i) the static and microwave electric field amplitudes, (ii) the generation frequency, and (iii) the carrier concentration. Accordingly, for each generation frequency there exists an optimal range of parameter values. Under optimal conditions we predict a generation efficiency of about 1-2% in the 0.5-1.5 THz frequency range.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics