Multiplex loss of heterozygosity analysis by using single or very few cells

Xiangfeng Cui, Helen Feiner, Honghua Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is an indication of tumor suppressor gene inactivation. However, loss of heterozygosity analysis has been limited to either a small scale or to very few genetic markers. To significantly increase the scale of study and to include a large number of markers in the analysis, experimental conditions were established for using, single cells or single cell equivalent with 10 markers typed simultaneously. Under these conditions, the allele amplification failure rate was 3.7% when single tissue cultured human cells were used. When 30 cells from a 5-μm paraffin-archived breast tumor tissue section were used, the failure rates were 0% for four of the five heterozygous loci and 10% for the fifth. Small amplification failure rates (6.1% and 6.7% on average) were observed when 5 or 10 cells from paraffin-archived breast tissue were used. These results indicate that with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers of high quality, it is possible to obtain reliable results by using single cells from fresh tissue or very few cells from paraffin-archived specimens. The results also show the importance of including replicates, using primers of high quality, and optimizing PCR conditions when a limited amount of material is used for the assay. The feasibility of LOH analysis with very few paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissue was demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Diagnostics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Medicine


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