The overarching goal of the present multiscale investigation is to unearth the kinetics and mechanisms of corrosion of borosilicate glasses in hyper-alkaline (pH = 13) environments as a function of their chemical composition. Accordingly, a series of 3- to 6-component borosilicate glasses have been designed starting from Na2O−B2O3−SiO2 ternary, wherein the compositional complexity has been added in a systematic tiered approach, finally resulting in the composition of the well-known international simple glass (ISG). Tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH), one of the most widely used alkaline etchant in the glass and electronics industry, has been used as the corrosion media. A series of state-of-the-art characterization techniques including magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, elastic recoil detection analysis, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy have been employed to unearth the compositional dependence of glass corrosion in hyper-alkaline environments. The glass compositions underwent congruent corrosion in the forward rate regime, whereas the controlling mechanism of corrosion in the residual rate regime depends on the presence/absence of Ca in the surrounding environment and can be explained on the basis of the dissolution−reprecipitation model. The dependence of corrosion kinetics and the chemistry of alteration products (in the residual rate regime) on the glass composition have been discussed. The results presented in this contribution will ultimately supplement the scientific literature attempting to understand the fundamental science governing the aqueous corrosion of silicate-based glass chemistries and add to the growing database required to develop nonempirical predictive models for designing glasses with controlled dissolution rates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films