Mus81 functions in the quality control of replication forks at the rDNA and is involved in the maintenance of rDNA repeat number in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Miki Ii, Tatsuya Ii, Steven J. Brill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies in yeast have suggested that the SGS1 DNA helicase or the Mus81-Mms4 structure-specific endonuclease is required to suppress the accumulation of lethal recombination intermediates during DNA replication. However, the structure of these intermediates and their mechanism of the suppression are unknown. To examine this reaction, we have isolated and characterized a temperature-sensitive (ts) allele of MUS81. At the non-permissive temperature, sgs1Δ mus81ts cells arrest at G2/M phase after going through S-phase. Bulk DNA replication appears complete but is defective since the Rad53 checkpoint kinase is strongly phosphorylated under these conditions. In addition, the induction of Rad53 hyper-phosphorylation by MMS was deficient at permissive temperature. Analysis of rDNA replication intermediates at the non-permissive temperature revealed elevated pausing of replication forks at the RFB in the sgs1Δ mus81ts mutant and a novel linear structure that was dependent on RAD52. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of the mus81Δ mutant revealed an expansion of the rDNA locus depending on RAD52, in addition to fragmentation of Chr XII in the sgs1Δ mus81ts mutant at permissive temperature. This is the first evidence that Mus81 functions in quality control of replication forks and that it is involved in the maintenance of rDNA repeats in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume625
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Keywords

  • DNA replication and repair
  • Mus81
  • Sgs1
  • Temperature-sensitive mutant
  • rDNA

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