Muscarinic Stimulation Promotes Cultured Purkinje Cell Survival: A Role for Acetylcholine in Cerebellar Development?

Howard T.J. Mount, Cheryl Dreyfus, Ira B. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: The survival and development of cerebellar neurons are under the control of interacting epigenetic signals. In the present study, we have examined interactive effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) and acetylcholine on in vitro cerebellar Purkinje cell survival. In initial experiments, dissociated rat cerebellar cultures were grown for 6–7 days in the presence of NGF and the stable cholinergic agonist carbachol. Simultaneous exposure to carbachol and NGF selectively increased Purkinje cell number, whereas neither agent was effective when tested alone. The increase in survival was blocked by the muscarinic antagonists atropine (0.1 µM) and pirenzepine (10 nM), but not by methoctramine (25 nM). Nicotine had no effect on survival when tested alone or in combination with NGF. The cerebellar cultures exhibited cholinergic neuronal traits: high‐affinity choline uptake, and choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase activities. To determine whether transmitter produced in vitro triggers Purkinje responsiveness to NGF, cells were exposed to physostigmine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Physostigmine alone induced an atropine‐sensitive increase in cell survival that was enhanced in the presence of NGF. These data suggest that the early expression of cholinergic traits plays a role in Purkinje development. Activation of muscarinic receptors triggers enhanced Purkinje survival in the presence of NGF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2065-2073
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Purkinje Cells
Nerve Growth Factor
Cholinergic Agents
Acetylcholine
Cultured Cells
Cell Survival
Cells
Physostigmine
Carbachol
Pirenzepine
Cholinergic Agonists
Muscarinic Antagonists
Choline O-Acetyltransferase
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Muscarinic Receptors
Acetylcholinesterase
Choline
Nicotine
Atropine
Epigenomics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Muscarinic Stimulation Promotes Cultured Purkinje Cell Survival: A Role for Acetylcholine in Cerebellar Development?",
abstract = "Abstract: The survival and development of cerebellar neurons are under the control of interacting epigenetic signals. In the present study, we have examined interactive effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) and acetylcholine on in vitro cerebellar Purkinje cell survival. In initial experiments, dissociated rat cerebellar cultures were grown for 6–7 days in the presence of NGF and the stable cholinergic agonist carbachol. Simultaneous exposure to carbachol and NGF selectively increased Purkinje cell number, whereas neither agent was effective when tested alone. The increase in survival was blocked by the muscarinic antagonists atropine (0.1 µM) and pirenzepine (10 nM), but not by methoctramine (25 nM). Nicotine had no effect on survival when tested alone or in combination with NGF. The cerebellar cultures exhibited cholinergic neuronal traits: high‐affinity choline uptake, and choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase activities. To determine whether transmitter produced in vitro triggers Purkinje responsiveness to NGF, cells were exposed to physostigmine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Physostigmine alone induced an atropine‐sensitive increase in cell survival that was enhanced in the presence of NGF. These data suggest that the early expression of cholinergic traits plays a role in Purkinje development. Activation of muscarinic receptors triggers enhanced Purkinje survival in the presence of NGF.",
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Muscarinic Stimulation Promotes Cultured Purkinje Cell Survival : A Role for Acetylcholine in Cerebellar Development? / Mount, Howard T.J.; Dreyfus, Cheryl; Black, Ira B.

In: Journal of neurochemistry, Vol. 63, No. 6, 01.01.1994, p. 2065-2073.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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