Background: Balanced X;autosome translocations interrupting the 'critical region' of the long arm of the human X chromosome are often associated with premature ovarian failure (POF). However, the mechanisms leading to X-linked ovarian dysfunction are largely unknown, as the majority of the X chromosome breakpoints have been mapped to gene-free genomic regions. A few genes have been found to be interrupted, but their role has never been clarified. Methods and results: By fine mapping of the X chromosome breakpoint of an X;autosome balanced translocation, we identified a new interrupted gene, POF1B. We performed a mutation analysis of POF1B and of another gene previously identified, DACH2, localized ∼700 kb distal in Xq21, in a cohort of >200 Italian POF patients. Rare mutations were found in patients in both genes. Conclusions: Our findings could not demonstrate any involvement of POF1B, but suggest that rare mutations in the DACH2 gene may have a role in the POF phenotype.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Premature ovarian failure
- Susceptibility gene