Rearrangements of two segments, S6 and S10, of Mycoreovirus 1 (MyRV1), a member of the family Reoviridae, were previously shown to be induced at a high rate by the multifunctional protein p29 encoded by a distinct ssRNA virus, the prototype hypovirus CHV1-EP713 (Sun and Suzuki, RNA 14, 2557-2571, 2008). Here we report the occurrence of rearrangements of MyRV1 S4, albeit at a very low frequency, in the absence of CHV1 p29, resulting in internal 80-90% deletions of the open reading frame (ORF) in S4. Comparative analyses of fungal strains infected by wild-type MyRV1 and its variants carrying rearrangements of S4, S4 plus S10 and S10 indicated that S4-encoded VP4, like VP10, is non-essential for virus replication but required for efficient vertical transmission and symptom expression caused by MyRV1. This is the first example of a reovirus variant that carries deletions of over 75% of the ORFs in two genome segments and is still replication-competent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chestnut blight
- Cryphonectria parasitica
- Symptom expression
- Virus transmission