mySmartCheck, a Digital Intervention to Promote Skin Self-examination Among Individuals Diagnosed With or at Risk for Melanoma: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Sharon L. Manne, Michael A. Marchetti, Deborah A. Kashy, Carolyn J. Heckman, Lee M. Ritterband, Frances P. Thorndike, Adrienne Viola, Carolina Lozada, Elliot J. Coups

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Regular skin self-examination (SSE) reduces melanoma mortality but is not often conducted. Purpose: To promote SSE performance in individuals at increased risk for melanoma. Methods: One hundred sixteen individuals at heightened risk for development of melanoma (i.e., personal/family history of melanoma, high-risk mole phenotype) who did not conduct a thorough SSE during in the prior 3 months were randomly assigned to receive either an automated internet-based intervention (mySmartCheck) or usual care (UC). One hundred sixteen participants completed surveys before random assignment and 99 completed the follow-up survey 13-weeks afterward. The primary outcome was participant self-reported examination (SSE) of all 15 parts of the body in the last 3 months. Secondary outcomes were SSE of any part of the body in the last 3 months and number of body parts examined during the last SSE. Results: More mySmartCheck participants examined all 15 body parts (32.6% vs. 7.1%, p =. 001). More individuals in mySmartCheck reported conducting SSE on any body part than those in UC (81.4% vs. 62.5%, p =. 04). Effect sizes were large (d = 1.19 all 15 body parts) to moderate (d = 0.55 for any body part). mySmartCheck participants examined more body areas than UC participants (12.7 vs. 10.3, p = 0.003) during the last SSE. Participants in mySmartCheck reported higher levels of knowledge of suspicious lesions, SSE benefits, SSE self-efficacy, and planning for SSE, and lower SSE barriers, than those assigned to UC. Conclusions: mySmartCheck had a significant positive impact on SSE performance and behaviors. Additional research with a larger sample size, a longer follow-up, and more varied clinical settings is needed. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov registration # NCT03725449 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03725449).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-803
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume56
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

Keywords

  • Melanoma
  • Online interventions
  • Prevention
  • Skin cancer
  • Skin self-examination
  • mySmartCheck

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