N-(2,2-Dimethyl-2-(2-nitrophenyl)acetyl)-4-aminocyclophosphamide as a potential bioreductively activated prodrug of phosphoramide mustard

Yongying Jiang, Longqin Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


N-(2,2-Dimethyl-2-(2-nitrophenyl)acetyl)-4-aminocyclophosphamide isomers (DMNA-NH-CPA, 4) were synthesized stereospecifically from Boc-l-Hse(OBn)-OH and the degradation of the corresponding reduced amine 5a was investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy and LC/MS. The rate of cyclization of 5a was found to increase with decreasing pH, with half-lives ranging from 3.2 to 54 min at pH 4-7.4, suggesting that the cyclization is catalyzed by the hydronium ions. LC/MS analysis of the degradation products of 5a indicates that 4-aminocyclophosphamide is rapidly released from 4 upon reductive activation under acidic conditions and further decomposes into the cytotoxic phosphoramide mustard. These results validated 4-aminocyclophosphamide as a prodrug form of phosphoramide mustard and suggest that compound 4 can potentially be used as a prodrug of phosphoramide mustard for bioreductive activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4059-4063
Number of pages5
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 15 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


  • Bioreductive activation
  • Cyclization
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Phosphoramide mustard
  • Prodrug


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