Na+-K+ regulation in cultured vascular smooth muscle cell of the spontaneously hypertensive rat

H. Tamura, L. Hopp, M. Kino, A. Tokushige, B. M. Searle, F. Khalil, A. Aviv

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Abstract

Na+-K+ passive transport and activity of the Na+ pump were examined in serially passed cultured vascular smooth muscle cells originating from spontaneously hypertensive (SH), Wistar-Kyoto (WKY), and Wistar (W) rats. Measurements included 22Na+ and 86Rb+ (K+ analogue) uptake and washout rate constants as well as intracellular Na+ and K+ levels. The aforementioned variables were studied in cells subjected to either 2 mM Ca2+ or Ca2+-deficient media. In 2 mM Ca2+ medium, SH rat cells demonstrated the highest exchange (uptake and washout) rate constants for Na+ and Rb+ (K+) among cells of the three rat strains. At this extracellular Ca2+ concentration, the Na+ pump activity of SH rat cells was higher than that of WKY rat cells and was not different from that of W rat cells. Incubation in Ca2+-deficient medium resulted in increased magnitudes of Rb+ washout and Na+ uptake rate constants in all cell preparations asociated with elevated intracellular Na+ concentrations and augmented activity of the Na+ pump. Under this condition, cells derived from SH rats showed the highest Na+ uptake and Rb+ washout rate constants associated with the highest Na+ pump activity. The increase in intracellular Na+ level in Ca2+-deficient medium was the highest in SH rat cells. These findings show that innate membrane defects and the response of the Na+ pump to these abnormalities can be demonstrated in in vitro-grown vascular smooth muscle cells of the SH rat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19/6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume250
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 24 1986

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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