Objective: Octogenarians were excluded and/or underrepresented in the major endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) randomized controlled trials, but continue to make up a growing proportion of stroke patients. To evaluate real-world trends in utilization and outcome of EVT in patients ≥80 years in a large nationally representative database. Methods: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2014-2016), we identified patients admitted to United States hospitals with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who also underwent EVT. The primary endpoint was good outcome (discharge to home/acute rehabilitation center). Poor outcome (discharge to skilled nursing facility or hospice and in-hospital mortality), intracerebral hemorrhage and in-hospital mortality were secondary outcome measures. Results: In 376,956 patients with AIS, 6,230(1.54%) underwent EVT. 1,547(24.83%) were ≥80. The rate of EVT in AIS patients ≥80 more than doubled from 0.83%(n = 317) in 2014 to 1.83%(n = 695) in 2016. The rate of good outcome in patients ≥80 was 9%, significantly lower than younger patients (26%, p<0.001). In-hospital mortality was 19% in patients ≥80 compared to 13% in the younger cohort (p < 0.001). There was no difference in the rate of hemorrhagic transformation between octogenarians and younger patients (18.52% vs 17.01%, p=0.19). In patients ≥80 years of age, decreasing baseline comorbidity burden independently predicted good outcome (OR 0.258, 95% CI [0.674– 0.935]). Conclusions: A two-fold increase in the utilization of EVT in patients ≥80 years of age was seen from 2014 to 2016. While the comparative rate of good outcome is significantly lower in this age group, elderly patients with fewer comorbidities demonstrated better outcomes after EVT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|State||Published - Feb 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Acute ischemic stroke