A phononic crystal (PC) slab made of a single metallic phase is shown, theoretically and experimentally, to display perfect negative index matching and focusing capability when surrounded with water. The proposed PC slab is a centimeter scale hollow metallic foam-like structure in which acoustic energy is mediated via the metal lattice. The negative index property arises from an isolated branch of the dispersion curves corresponding to a mode that can be coupled to incident acoustic waves in surrounding water. This band also intercepts the water sound line at a frequency in the ultrasonic range. The metallic structure is consequently a candidate for the negative refraction of incident longitudinal waves.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)