The relationship between the modification and processing of prolipoprotein and the formation of murein-bound lipoprotein has been investigated using Escherichia coli mutants altered in the signal sequence of prolipoprotein and an E. coli strain producing OmpF-Lpp hybrid protein. The glyceride-modified prolipoprotein in mutant lppT20 and in globomycin-treated wild-type strain were covalently attached to the peptidoglycan. Likewise, the unmodified prolipoproteins in mutants lppL20, lppV20, and lppG21 were attached to the peptidoglycan. The OmpF-Lpp hybrid protein that is processed but not modified with lipid due to the absence of the cysteine-containing modification site in the hybrid protein was also covalently linked to the peptidoglycan. These results indicate that neither lipid modification nor the processing of prolipoprotein is essential for the formation of murein-bound lipoprotein in E. coli. In contrast, introduction of a charged amino acid residue such as Asp or Arg at the 14th position of prolipoprotein affected not only the lipid modification and processing of the mutant prolipoprotein but also the formation of murein-bound lipoprotein. Replacement of the Gly14 with Glu or Lys partially affected the lipid modification and processing of prolipoprotein; the peptidoglycan of the lppE14 and lppK14 mutants contained a reduced amount of mature lipoprotein but no mutant prolipoprotein. In addition, lpp mutants A20I23I24 and A20I23K24 were found to be defective in both lipid modification/processing of prolipoprotein and the formation of murein-bound lipoprotein. The defective formation of murein-bound lipoprotein in the latter mutants may be related to an alteration in the secondary structure at the modification/processing site of the mutant prolipoproteins.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology