Neural network mosaic model for pupillary responses to spatial stimuli

Wei Sun, Fuchuan Sun, George Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A neural network mosaic model was developed to investigate the spatial-temporal properties of the human pupillary control system. It was based on the double-layer neural network model developed by Cannon and Robinson and the pupillary dual-path model developed by Sun and Stark. The neural network portion of the model received its input from a sensor array and consisted of a retina-like two-dimensional neuronal layer. The dual-path portion of the model was composed of interconnections of the neurons that formed a mosaic of AC transient and DC sustained paths. The spatial aggregates of the AC and DC signals were input to the AC and DC summing neurons, respectively. Finally, the weighted sum of the aggregate AC and DC signals provided the output for driving the pupillary response. An important property of the model was that it could adaptively learn from training samples by adjustment of the weights. The neural network mosaic model showed excellent performance in simulating both the traditional pupillary phenomena and the new spatial stimulation findings such as responses to change in stimulus pattern and shift of light spot. Moreover, the model could also be used for the diagnosis of clinical deficits and image processing in machine vision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science(all)


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