Several case reports have suggested an association between human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) infection and chronic neurologic disease. We performed serial neurologic examinations in injection-drug users (IDU), a group known to be at increased risk for HTLV-II infection. At baseline, those infected with HTLV-II alone, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) alone, or both were significantly more likely to have neurologic disability than uninfected subjects. Longitudinally, HTLV-II infection was independently associated with the development of global neurologic disability and neuropathy, suggesting that HTLV-II causes neurologic disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology