New and Emerging Opioid Overdose Risk Factors

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Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review is to provide a review of the current literature surrounding opioid overdose risk factors, focusing on relatively new factors in the opioid crisis. Recent Findings: Both a market supply driving force and a subpopulation of people who use opioids actively seeking out fentanyl are contributing to its recent proliferation in the opioid market. Harm reduction techniques such as fentanyl testing strips, naloxone education and distribution, drug sampling behaviors, and supervised injection facilities are all seeing expanded use with increasing amounts of research being published regarding their effectiveness. Availability and use of interventions such as medication for opioid use disorder and peer recovery coaching programs are also on the rise to prevent opioid overdose. Summary: The opioid epidemic is an evolving crisis, necessitating continuing research to identify novel overdose risk factors and the development of new interventions targeting at-risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-329
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Addiction Reports
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


  • Fentanyl
  • Harm reduction
  • Naloxone
  • Opioid overdose
  • Risk factors


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