Ninety-one cases of breast cancer and chronic lymphoproliferative neoplasm: A retrospective review of a population at high risk for multiple malignancies

David B. Sanford, Anita Kinney, Peter W. McLaughlin, Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, Kapil Dhingra

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We performed a retrospective analysis of clinical course of 91 patients who developed both breast cancer and a chronic lymphoproliferative neoplasm and were seen at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center between January 1, 1970 and December 30, 1991. The sample included 24 individuals who developed lymphoproliferative neoplasm first (Group A), 22 individuals with concurrent diagnosis of both malignancies (Group B), and 45 individuals who developed breast cancer first (Group C). The median time to diagnosis of secondary breast cancer and lymphoproliferative neoplasm was 66 months (range, 7-459) and 65 months (range, 0-334), respectively. A higher proportion of Group B lymphomas were lowgrade (77% vs. 47% [Group A] vs. 37% [Group C] p = 0.009). Prior occurrence of either one of these malignancies did not affect the disease-specific survival from the second malignancy. However, continuing mortality from the first malignancy appeared to contribute to a poor overall survival fol lowing second malignancy. Group A included 8 patients who developed breast cancer following radiation therapy for Hodgkin's disease after a mean interval of 18 (± 4.3) years. Three of these individuals had coexisting ductal and lobular histology (vs. none of the individuals in Groups B and C, p = 0.02). Another interesting finding was the high incidence of multiple additional malignancies in this patient population. A total of 29 additional neoplasms occurred in 21 (23%) of the 91 study subjects. These malignancies involved a wide variety of organ sites and could not be attributed to the therapy for either the breast cancer or the lymphoma in most cases. The data suggest that individuals who develop both breast cancer and a lymphoproliferative neoplasm are at a high risk for multiple malignancies. Close surveillance of such individuals for additional malignancies and further studies to understand the molecular basis of this predisposition are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-319
Number of pages8
JournalBreast Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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