Noncontingent Reinforcement: From Basic Research to Therapeutic Application

Sung Woo Kahng, Brian A. Iwata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article provides an historical overview of the use of noncontingent reinforcement (NCR). Originally designed as a contingency-control procedure for both basic and applied research, in recent years NCR has been used increasingly as a function-based treatment to reduce the frequency of a wide range of problem behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Behavior Analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Psychology(all)


  • Noncontingent reinforcement
  • basic research
  • contingency-control


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