Novel homozygous VHL mutation in exon 2 is associated with congenital polycythemia but not with cancer

Lucie Lanikova, Felipe Lorenzo, Chunzhang Yang, Hari Vankayalapati, Richard Drachtman, Vladimir Divoky, Josef T. Prchal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Germline von Hippel–Lindau (VHL) gene mutations underlie dominantly inherited familial VHL tumor syndrome comprising a predisposition for renal cell carcinoma, pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma, cerebral hemangioblastoma, and endolymphatic sac tumors. However, recessively inherited congenital polycythemia, exemplified by Chuvash polycythemia, has been associated with 2 separate 3′ VHL gene mutations in exon 3. It was proposed that different positions of loss-of-function VHL mutations are associated with VHL syndrome cancer predisposition and only C-terminal domain-encoding VHL mutations would cause polycythemia. However, now we describe a new homozygous VHL exon 2 mutation of the VHL gene:(c.413C>T):P138L, which is associated in the affected homozygote with congenital polycythemia but not in her, or her-heterozygous relatives, with cancer or other VHL syndrome tumors. We show that VHLP138L has perturbed interaction with hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF)1α. Further, VHLP138L protein has decreased stability in vitro. Similarly to what was reported in Chuvash polycythemia and some other instances of HIFs upregulation, VHLP138L erythroid progenitors are hypersensitive to erythropoietin. Interestingly, the level of RUNX1/AML1 and NF-E2 transcripts that are specifically upregulated in acquired polycythemia vera were also upregulated in VHLP138L granulocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3918-3924
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume121
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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