Novel low-intensity phase-selective laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of TiO2 nanoparticle aerosols during flame synthesis

Yiyang Zhang, Gang Xiong, Shuiqing Li, Zhizhong Dong, Steven G. Buckley, Stephen D. Tse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel low-intensity laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is employed to conduct an in situ study on swirl flame synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles. Collected emissions agree well with Ti atomic spectra from the NIST database. In contrast to traditional application of LIBS on particles, the power used here is much lower (∼35mJ/pulse or 28J/cm2 at 532nm); and no macroscopic spark is visually observed. Nevertheless, the low-intensity LIBS shows interesting selectivity-only exciting Ti atoms in particle phase, with no breakdown emission occurring for gas molecules (e.g. titanium tetraisopropoxide precursor, air). The emission intensity increases as the nanoparticles grow in the synthesis flow field, plateauing as the particles become larger than 6nm, indicating the absorption efficiency to be size-dependent for small particles. The signals saturate at a fluence of ∼16J/cm2. When the precursor concentration is larger than 150ppm (corresponding to particle sizes of 6-8nm), the emission intensity increases linearly with precursor concentration. The selectivity of the low-intensity LIBS for such application could be advantageous for tracking nanoparticle formation and for measuring particle volume fraction during gas-phase synthesis or other systems. The size-dependent absorption efficiency could be used to measure nanoparticle size in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-733
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume160
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Keywords

  • Flame synthesis
  • Low-intensity LIBS
  • Nanoparticles

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