It is generally accepted that different brain regions regulate specific behavioral responses and that structural alterations in these regions may affect behavior. We investigated whether inter-individual variability in novelty-induced behaviors in C57BL/6J mice correlates with numbers of noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus and cholinergic neurons in the septum. We found that exploration of new stimuli correlated negatively with numbers of noradrenergic neurons, whereas anxiety correlated positively with numbers of cholinergic neurons. The observed correlations suggest physiologically plausible links between structure and function and indicate that precise morphological estimates can be predictive for behavioral responses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Behavioral Neuroscience
- Locus coeruleus